Professor J. S. Rajput has held several assignments which include Professor in NCERT, Principal of the Regional Institute of Education Bhopal, Joint Educational Adviser, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India; Chairman, National Council for Teacher Education, and the Director of the NCERT. He has published research papers in Physics and also in several specialized areas of education, guided doctoral level researches and has authored several books. He is known for guiding in preparation of good-quality materials for teachers and teacher educators. UNESCO awarded him the Prestigious Jan Amos Comenius Medal for outstanding contributions in research and innovations. He has also been awarded Maharshi Ved Vyas National Award by the Government of Madhya Pradesh for lifelong contributions in Education.