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Year: 2022


pp xviii+236

ISBN: 9789391978051

Price: $50

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About the Book

The handbook develops a resource on land survey by bringing different state practices of land surveying and recording practices, rules, historical perspective and applications of modern survey techniques, which can be used as a guide for the field practitioners. This handbook includes 12 state chapters, covers almost all the major zones of India in north, south, east, west, centre and north-east. Each of state chapters covers their historical and contemporary land recording practices, deficiency and challenges of the existing system and future initiatives towards modern survey.

This handbook is a useful document for the practitioners to not only to understand the methods used for land survey in the state, but also helps to learn the intricacies of land survey mechanisms followed by the other states. For the convenience of the readers this handbook also discusses the modern methods of land surveying to understand the advantages and disadvantages of the modern techniques.  

This handbook will help to recognize the genesis of land survey, its challenges that are faced by the respective state by following contemporary methods and invite attention to the practitioners to take measures to establish comprehensive-accurate-real-time land records by using modern land survey techniques

About Author

About the Centre: B N Yugandhar Centre for Rural Studies (BNYCRS), since its establishment in the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie in the year 1989, has emerged as a leading resource/ establishment for training of Officer Trainees (OTs) of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and policy recommendations. 

Anandhi, IAS officer of 2007 batch, Rajasthan cadre. She is currently serving as Deputy Director (Sr.) in Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Musoorie since December, 2020. She has studied B.A, LL.B from Delhi University. She has served as District Collector in Bundi, Sawai Madhopur, Rajsamand, Udaipur and Alwar districts and given Best Collector Award in 2019 for work in Udaipur. She has also served as Managing Director, Rajasthan State Cooperative Marketing Federation Ltd. (Rajfed) and education sector as SPD, RMSA respectively and done a stint in Secretariat as Joint Secretary, Finance Tax.

Snehasis Mishra is working as Assistant Professor, B.N. Yugandhar Centre for Rural Studies, Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie. He is associated with various teaching and training programmes of IAS Officials during their professional courses. He has written research papers and co-authored/edited state-report on Land Records practices and implementation of Digital Indian Land Records Modernization Programme. He has co-edited (with Dr. A.A.A. Faizi) book on Conclusive Land Titling (2015) and Journey Towards Land Titling in India (2017 with Dr. Varsha Ganguly). He has participated and organised Seminars on land records and land titling related issues. His areas of interests cover e-governance, land records management, land governance, survey and mapping.


  • Foreword by Srinivas R. Katikithala
  • A Message from the Editors
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abbreviations

1 Introduction: Land Survey in India

Anandhi, IAS and Snehasis Mishra

  • Introduction
  • History of Cadastral/ Revenue Survey in India
  • Objective of the Handbook
  •  Definition of Different Terms with reference to Land Survey

 2 Existing Practices of Land Surveying and Recording Systems in States

 2.1 Andhra Pradesh

 Siddharth Jain, IAS

  • Survey, Settlement and Land Records in Andhra Pradesh – An Overview
  •  Necessity of Resurvey
  •  Case study of the Pilot Project of Resurvey: Success, Challenges and Way Ahead
  •  Resurvey Project Undertaken in Andhra Pradesh: Success, Challenges and Way Ahead

 2.2 Assam

 Indrajit Das and Manoranjan Ray

  •  Brief History of Land Survey and Settlement in Assam
  •  Evolution of Technology for Cadastral Survey
  •  Procedure of Record Preparation
  •  Maintenance of Field Map
  •  Block Survey and Extension Survey
  •  Resettlement Operation
  •  Problems/Issues faced at the field level while conducting Traditional Survey Operations
  •  Modern Land Survey Initiatives Taken

2.3 Bihar

 Manoj Kumar Jha and Chandan Kumar

  • Background and Introduction
  •  Establishment of Bihar Project Management Unit
  •  Process of Special Land Survey
  •  Various dimensions of the ongoing Bihar Special Survey and Settlement Programme
  •  Shortcomings diagnosed and solution at various stages of Special Survey and Settlement Programme

 2.4 Gujarat

 Ashok Nada and Jani Jyotinkumar Prahladbhai

  • Introduction
  • Challenges and Problems Faced by following present survey system and during preparing of records
  • Learnings from Past, overcome the challenges and initiate Pilot Project on Modern Survey
  • Present Methodology of Survey and preparation of Survey Records
  • How Survey has been taking place
  • City Survey in Gujarat
  • Modernized Survey and preparation of accurate records: Overall Development, innovative actions and implementations of various policies
  •  Policy Recommendations
  •  Guidelines on Survey and Settlement

 2.5 Haryana

 Mohinder Kumar, IAS (Retd.)

  •  Introduction
  •  Guidelines regarding Land Survey in Haryana
  •  Recent Practices on Resurvey
  •  Problems/issues faced at field level by practising the current survey and land recording systems
  •  Acts and Manuals for Survey and Settlement in Haryana

 2.6 Karnataka

 Dr. Ashok Sanganal

  • History of Land Survey in Karnataka
  •  Current Practices of Land Surveying
  •  Modern Surveying Practices Deployed in Karnataka
  •  Initiatives taken on Land Survey and its related Services to the Citizens
  •  Concluding Remarks

 2.7. Kerala

 Dr. Anishia Jayadev

  •  A Brief History of Survey in Kerala
  •  Revisional Survey in Kerala: why it was felt necessary
  •  Existing Practices of Land Surveying and Recording Systems
  •  Improvised Modern Techniques used for Land Survey in Kerala
  •  Issues and Way Forward
  •  The Way Forward

 2.8. Madhya Pradesh

 Ashutosh Tiwari

  • Introduction
  •  Current Survey Methods (Adopted by the State Government)
  •  Resurvey in Madhya Pradesh
  •  New Initiative in the Field of Land Survey
  •  The Way Forward

 2.9. Maharashtra

 Sham Khamkar

  •  Introduction
  •  Types of Surveys Carried out in Maharashtra
  •  Existing Practices of Land Surveying and Recording Systems
  •  Problems/ issues faced at field level by practising the Current Survey and Land Recording Systems
  •  Any pilot/intervention undertaken in the past/present or any future plan: issues, challenges and learning from such interventions
  •  Current Initiatives on Land Survey

 2.10. Rajasthan

 Dr. Shashi Jain and Krishna Singh Shekhawat

  •  Land Survey System in Rajasthan
  •  Recent History of Survey Operations in Rajasthan
  •  Present System of Land Survey and Settlement Operations (Resurvey)
  •  Case Study of Chomu Tehsil in District Jaipur
  •  Success, Problems and Way Ahead in Land Survey in Rajasthan

 2.11. Uttar Pradesh

 Sunil Kumar Jha

  •  Historical Background
  •  Current Procedure of Land Survey
  •  Difficulties and Solutions in the Current Process
  •  Recent Initiatives of Land Survey in Uttar Pradesh (Survey by Drone - Svamitva Scheme)
  •  Epilogue

 2.12. West Bengal

 Chittaranjan Das, IAS (Retd.)

  •  Revenue Survey: A Brief Background
  •  Survey for Preparation of Cadastral Mauza Maps
  •  Revisional Survey
  •  LR Survey and Settlement Operation
  •  Methodology of Survey and Settlement Operations
  •  Land Reforms Organization
  •  Problems in Revisional Survey
  •  Initiatives Taken for the Modernization in Survey and Mapping

 3 Modern Methods of Land Surveying: Models and Technologies

 Lt. Gen Girish Kumar, VSM (Retd.)

  •  Introduction
  •  Modern Technologies for Land Survey
  •  Current Survey Technologies for Land Parcel Survey

 Conclusion,  Contributors

Additional Info.

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